Welcome to Mongolia ! Too beautiful to be real !
THE ALTAI MOUNTAIN RANGE WITH THE HIGHEST PEAKS IN MONGOLIA
The most remote, Western Region of Mongolia covers Bayan-Ulgii, Hovd, Uvs, and Zavkhan provinces. It is the most ethnically diverse, which can be divided into 10 different tribes, mountainous, and scenic region with thousands of years of history.
Spread throughout the region, there are countless archeological sites with petroglyphs, cave paintings, standing stone monuments, monasteries, and ancient forts that date back as far as 10.000 years. Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai (2011) is inscribed to World Heritage Site in 2011.
This region with the Altai Mountains in the west, Gobi Desert in the east and south, the Great Mongolian Lakes Depression in the north and center, and forests, steppe, and deserts mixed throughout support some rare and spectacular wildlife. Large and endangered animals, including snow leopards, the Gobi Bear, Argali sheep, ibex, antelope, gazelle, falcons, golden eagles, wolves, foxes, and many more are found in this region.
THE KEY HISTORYCAL SIGHTS OF MONGOLIA
Central region of Mongolia is the most visited areas in the countryside due to the closure in Ulaanbaatar, the majority of tourist camps and sites are located, and the infrastructure development is higher than any other region. Landscapes are broken by the forested hillsides of the Khan Khentii and Khangai mountain ranges.
This region has many historical sights, natural wonders in Mongolia’s heartland, particularly in the Orkhon River Valley, one of the World Heritage sites in Mongolia (2004), which contains archaeological remains dating back several centuries. Few traces remain of Kharakhorum, the 13th-century capital of the Mongol Empire, but the nearby temple of Erdene Zuu was reputedly built from its ruins.
The Bogd Khan National Park, Gorkhi-Terelj National Park, Manzushir Monastery, Khustai National Park, Naiman Lake, Tuvkhun Monaster, Khorgo Volcano, Elsen Tasarkhai Sand dune, Khar Balgas, Ulgii Lake, Gungaluut Nature Reserve are the highlights of Central region.
THE BLUE PEARL OF KHUVSGUL
Northern Region of Mongolia is the easiest region to travel from the capital and most of the cities reached by paved road and rail lines. It is also one of the most spectacular places in Mongolia with mountain peaks, lush meadows, lakes and forest-steppe and taiga.
Lake Khuvsgul, the Blue pearl of Mongolia, is the one of 17 ancient lakes in the world, 2 million years old. It is 136 km long and 262 meters deep. It is the second-most voluminous freshwater lake in Asia, and holds almost 70% of Mongolia’s fresh water and 0.4% of all the fresh water in the world. The beautiful, mountainous Darkhad Valley, watered by countless rivers and containing 300 lakes, is located in the far North of Mongolia next to the border with Tuva in Siberia.
The Lake area is a National Park strictly protected as a transition zone between Central Asian Steppe and the Siberian Taiga.
The complex of Amarbayasgalant Monastery, one of the three largest Buddhist monastic centers in Mongolia, located in this region. It was built during 1727-1736, in the honour of Undur Gegeen Zanabazar, the first Bogd, Buddhist leader of Mongolia.
THE BIRTHPLACE OF GENGHIS KHAN
The Eastern Mongolian Steppes are a vast ecosystem representing the grasslands of Central Asia and it is characterized by treeless flat steppes, gently rolling hills, wetlands.
The Eastern Mongolia Steppes are the eastern wing of the Eurasian Great Steppes and is the only natural habitat of the Mongolian white tailed gazelle herds in the world, and home to other rare and endangered species of plants and animals.
The Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain and its surrounding sacred landscape in Khan Khentii Mountain inscribed to the list of World Heritage Sites in 2015. This is considered to be the birthplace of Genghis Khan, as well as one of the rumored locations of his tomb. Herding and tourism are tightly controlled, and hunting and mining are prohibited in Khan Khentii Protected Area.
DINOSAUR FOSSIL SITES IN THE GOBI
The Mongolian Gobi Desert is the largest dinosaur fossil reservoir in the world and over a history of almost 100 years of dinosaur research, more than 80 genus or one fifth of the over 400 dinosaur genera known to science have been found.
Mongolian Gobi desert fossil sites are an outstanding example of the chronological history of the earth, including the evolution of nature and wildlife, geological processes of the continental formations. Mongolian Gobi contains dinosaur fossils, tracks and footprints which belong to the period of 70 to 99 million years ago.
The landscape, worn by natural factors, create and form strange shapes in the cliffs, which resemble walls, gates, benches and monadnocks, making these landscapes some of the most magnificent, beautiful and unique in the world.
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CAPITAL OF MONGOLIA
Ulaanbaatar is the capital of Mongolia and its largest city with population of 1 million, almost one third of total population of Mongolia. It is the gate for any countryside destination within Mongolia and it is located on the bank of the Tuul River and surrounded by four sacred mountains. One of them Bogd Khan Mountain, which is the oldest Strictly Protected Area of the world established in 1778.
Well-known as a sunny, peaceful and open city Ulaanbaatar is a city of contrasts where modern life comfortably blends with Mongolian traditional lifestyle.
Ulaanbaatar founded in 1639 and moved its location over 20 times. Capital of Mongolia initially was named Urguu in 1639-1706, has changed its name several times: Ikh Khuree (1706-1911), Niislel khuree (1911-1923), and Ulaanbaatar (since 1924). City Ulaanbaatar settled its present location at the end of 18 century.
Ulaanbaatar is the cultural, economic, religious, and political center of Mongolia and its history closely linked to the Mongolia's history, sovereignty, freedom and independence.